Serba Serbi Mata Si Kecil

I hurried into the local department CISA Exam Questions store to grab1 some last minute CISA Exam Questions Chirsmas gifts. I looked at all the people and grumbled2 Examguideview to myself. I would be in 70-486 study guide here forever and 70-486 study guide I just had so much to do. Chirsmas was beginning to become 300-135 tshoot pdf such a drag. I kinda wished that I could just sleep through Chirsmas. But Itexamplan I hurried the best I 300-135 tshoot pdf could through all the ADM-201 certification people to the toy department. Once again I kind of mumbled3 to myself at the Examguideview prices of all ADM-201 certification these toys, and wondered if the grandkids would even play whit4 them. I 300-135 tshoot pdf found myself in the doll aisle5. Out of the corner of my eye I 300-135 tshoot pdf CISA Exam Questions saw a little boy about 5 holding a lovely doll.He kept touching6 her hair and 70-486 study guide he held 70-486 study guide her so gently. I could Itexamplan not seem to help myself. I just Itexamplan 70-486 study guide kept loking over 70-486 study guide at the little ADM-201 certification boy and wondered who the doll was for. I Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics watched him turn Itexamplan 300-135 tshoot pdf to a woman and he called his aunt by name Itexamplan and said, ADM-201 certification “Are you sure I don’t have Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics enough Examguideview money?” She replied a 300-135 tshoot pdf Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics bit impatiently, “You 70-486 study guide know that you don’t have enough money ADM-201 certification for it.” The aunt told the little boy CISA Exam Questions not Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics to go anywhere that she CISA Exam Questions had to Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics go and get some other things and would be back in Examguideview a few minutes. And then she left the aisle. The boy continued to hold the Examguideview doll. After a bit I 300-135 tshoot pdf asked the boy who the doll was Examguideview for. He said, “It is the doll my sister wanted so badly for Chirsmas. Itexamplan She just knew ADM-201 certification that 70-486 study guide Santa would bring it. Itexamplan “I told him that maybe Santa was going to bring it . He said, “No, Santa Itexamplan can’t CISA Exam Questions go where my sister is…. CISA Exam Questions 70-486 study guide I have to give the doll ADM-201 certification to Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics my Mama to take to her. “I asked ADM-201 certification him where his siter was. He Examguideview looked at me with Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics the saddest eyes and said, “She was gone to be Itexamplan with Jesus.
My Daddy says that Mamma is going to have to go be with ADM-201 certification her.” My heart nearly stopped beating. Then the boy looked Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics at me again and said, “I told my Daddy to CISA Exam Questions tell my Mama not to go yet. I told him to tell her to wait 70-486 study guide till I got back from the store.” Then he asked me if i wanted to see his picture. I told him I’d love to. He 70-486 study guide pulled Itexamplan out some picture he’d Examguideview had taken at the front of the Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics Itexamplan CISA Exam Questions store. He said, “I want my Mama 70-486 study guide to take this with her so the dosen’t ever forget me. I Examguideview love Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics my Mama so very much and I wish she dind not have 70-486 study guide to leave me.But Daddy says 70-486 study guide she will need to Examguideview be with my sister.” I saw that the little boy had lowered his ADM-201 certification head and had grown so qiuet. While he was not looking I 300-135 tshoot pdf reached Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics into my purse and pilled out a handful of bills. I asked 300-135 tshoot pdf the little boy, “Shall we count that ADM-201 certification miney one more time?” He grew excited and said, 300-135 tshoot pdf “Yes,I just know it has to be enough.” So I slipped my money in 300-135 tshoot pdf with his and we began to 70-486 study guide count it . Of course it was plenty for the doll. CISA Exam Questions He softly said, “Thank you Jesus for giving me enough money.” Then the boy said, “I just 300-135 tshoot pdf asked Jesus to give me enough money to buy this doll so Mama can take it with her 300-135 tshoot pdf to give my sister. And he heard my prayer. 70-486 study guide I wanted to ask him give for enough to buy my Mama a white rose, but I didn’t ask CISA Exam Questions him, but he gave me Itexamplan enough to buy the 300-135 tshoot pdf Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics doll and a rose for my Mama. She loves white rose so much. “In Examguideview CISA Exam Questions a few minutes ADM-201 certification the aunt came back and I wheeled my cart away. I CISA Exam Questions could not keep from Examguideview thinking about Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics the little boy as I finished my shoppong in CISA Exam Questions a ttally different spirit than when I had started. And I kept remembering a story I had seen in the newspaper several days earlier about a drunk driver hitting a car and killing7 a little Examguideview girl and the Mother was Examguideview in serious condition. The family was deciding on whether to remove the life support. Now surely this little boy did CISA Exam Questions not belong with that story.Two days later I 300-135 tshoot pdf read in the paper where the family had ADM-201 certification 300-135 tshoot pdf disconnected the life support and the ADM-201 certification young woman had died. I could not forget Itexamplan the little boy and just kept ADM-201 certification wondering if the two were Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics somehow ADM-201 certification connected. Later that day, I could not help myself and I Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics went out and bought aome white roses and took them to the funeral CISA Exam Questions home where the yough woman was .And there she was holding Examguideview Itexamplan a lovely Itexamplan white rose, the Examguideview beautiful doll, and the picture of the little boy in the store. I left there in tears, thier life Cisco 100-105 Exam Topics changed forever. The love that little boy had for his little sisiter and his mother was overwhel. And in a Itexamplan split8 second a drunk driver had ripped9 the life of that little boy to pieces.

Mata adalah jendela dunia. Tentunya kita sering mendengar ungkapan tersebut. Tentu saja kalimat tersebut menggambarkan betapa pentingnya mata bagi kehidupan seseorang, apalagi pada masa-masa awal kehidupan, seperti pada bayi dan anak-anak kecil. Seperti yang kita lihat, saat ini sangat banyak anak kecil menggunakan kacamata sebagai alat bantu penglihatan. Tentunya para orang tua cukup prihatin dengan keadaan tersebut, sampai bahkan sering ada pertanyaan terlontar ‘Kok kecil-kecil uda rusak sih matanya sampe harus pake kacamata? Padahal kan mereka ga ngapa-ngapain…’
Untuk menjawab pertanyaan tersebut tentunya kita harus lihat kembali sebetulnya apa saja sih faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kerusakan mata terutama pada anak-anak. Faktor pertama adalah faktor genetik. Faktor genetik atau keturunan yang dimaksud disini adalah bahwa banyak di antara keluarga yang memerlukan atau memakai kacamata. Faktor genetik ini dapat berperan sekitar 30% – 35%. Biasanya kerusakan yang diturunkan adalah Cylinder myopia, Myopia (mata minus), Hipermetropia (mata plus). Perlu diingat bahwa faktor keturunan ini tidak hanya berlaku untuk 1keturunan (langsung dari bapak / ibu), tetapi bisa juga terjadi dari 3 generasi, dan polanya tidak beraturan, bisa pada pria ataupun wanita.
Faktor penyebab yang lain tentu saja berasal dari lingkungan sekitar, mengambil peran sekitar 65%-70%. Faktor lingkungan tentunya termasuk juga di dalamnya adalah riwayat si anak selama dalam kandungan. Lahir terlalu cepat (prematur  < 38 minggu), lahir terlalu lama (post matur  > 42 minggu), gizi buruk ibu, obat-obatan ibu, penyakit infeksi, trauma atau kecelakaan merupakan penentu riwayat si anak selama dalam kandungan yang nantinya dapat mempengaruhi kerusakan mata. Lalu pada saat persalinan pun memegang peran yang cukup penting. Seorang anak yang sulit jalan lahirnya sehingga harus memakai alat bantu seperti forceps, vakum, akan mempunyai kemungkinan kerusakan mata dibandingkan bayi yang jalan lahirnya lancar.

The meeting will be held 300-101 Dumps Exam on Monday, when more 200-125 Exam Dumps than 10,000 guests will gather in New York. Tami 200-125 Exam Dumps Joan stared at the billboard – black, white and yellow, all smiling and waved. However, this 300-101 Dumps Exam painting seems to be something not quite right. The proportions and Learningpdf color of the characters are ignored, and each face looks the same pale. Tami Joan murmured Dead. They are galloping along Prepexamwell the wide 101 test freeway. Under the lights, the road Prepexamwell reflects a disturbing yellow light. They passed the Prepexamwell old Navys naval port and again passed the Brooklyn Ferry Terminal. John finally stopped talking, pulled out a calculator from Texas Instruments, and started ticking some numbers. Tami Joan leaned back on the back of the chair looking 200-125 Exam Dumps out over foggy sidewalks and gloomy faces of those who sat on 300-101 Dumps Exam the brownstone porch overlooking the highway. In the heat, they seem to be in a semi-lethargic state. Taxi Prepexamwell is also very 101 test hot. Tami Joan reaches for the window 300-101 Dumps Exam button and wants to lower the window a 300-101 Dumps Exam little. The window did not respond, but she did not feel surprised. She reached out across John and went to the other side of the Learningpdf window, but he was over there too. At this moment she noticed that the door locks on both sides had Prepexamwell disappeared. Not even the door. She groping at the door with her hand to find the remnants of the broken door handle. Nothing at all – as if someone had sawn it with a hacksaw. What happened John asked. Well, 300-101 Dumps Exam this car door how do 200-125 Exam Dumps we open it Just as John 101 test looked around the door, the logo for the Midtown Tunnel Prepexamwell flashed past. Learningpdf Hi John tapped the partition. You forgot to bend, where are you going 300-101 Dumps Exam Maybe he wants to go to the Queensboro Bridge, Tameng conjectured. Although the road to go the bridge more distant, but can escape the tunnel toll station. She sat forward and beat the plexiglass with the Learningpdf ring on her hand. Do you want to 300-101 Dumps Exam go that bridge The driver ignored them. Hi Not long after, Prepexamwell they passed through the entrance to the Queensboro Bridge again. Damn John shouted. Where are you going to bring us Harlem Prepexamwell I bet he is going to take us to Prepexamwell Harlem. Tami Joan looks out the Learningpdf window. A car is moving forward with them and slowly over them. She patted the window. Help She shouts, Help The drivers Prepexamwell car glanced at her inadvertently, then glanced, frowned. He slowed down and followed behind them. But 101 test then suddenly a taxi abrupt, down the exit ramp down the highway, into Learningpdf Queens. Taxis turn into an alley, galloping over an abandoned warehouse district, at a speed of at least 60 miles. What do you want to do Tamijong tapped the partition. 200-125 Exam Dumps Open slow Where is Learningpdf this Oh, Learningpdf 101 test God No John murmured, Look The driver did not know when to wear a ski boot. What do you want Shouted Tarim Joan. Do you want money We give you 200-125 Exam Dumps money. The man on the front seat remained silent. Tami Joan opened the bag and 300-101 Dumps Exam removed her black laptop. She leaned back to the 101 test side of the window and hit the window hard with a laptop corner. The huge noise seemed to have shocked the driver on 200-125 Exam Dumps the front seat, but the windowpane was fine. Taxi suddenly biased, almost hit the brick wall Learningpdf of the roadside buildings. Give you money How much I can give 300-101 Dumps Exam you a lot of money John cried angrily, tears flowing down his 300-101 Dumps Exam obese cheeks. Tami Joan again smashed the window with the computer. The screen of the 200-125 Exam Dumps computer flew out of the 200-125 Exam Dumps huge impact force, but the windows were still intact. She tried again, the computers fuselage cracked, falling from her hand. Europe, Mom Both of them 101 test were suddenly thrown violently forward. Taxi stopped abruptly in a dark alley. Driver drilled out of the car, holding a pistol in his hand. Please, please She begged. The driver walked to the back half of the taxi, bent over and looked through the dirty glass to the back seat.
I am asking Prepexamwell you now. They want to see you. I 200-125 Exam Dumps only know these. Because they have something, they are not, they are regular, heavy, and want. Lincoln. Tone. The handsome young 101 test man reached for his blond hair. He was wearing brown trousers and a white 200-125 Exam Dumps shirt, tied with a blue tie Prepexamwell and the bow tie 300-101 Dumps Exam was flawless. Prepexamwell When he 300-101 Dumps Exam hired Tommar a year ago, Lyme once told him that he could wear jeans and a T-shirt to work whenever he wanted. But from that day until now, he has been meticulously dressed. 200-125 Exam Dumps Lyme did not know if it was because he had kept the young man so far, but he did. No one had been in custody before Thomas before for six weeks, 200-125 Exam Dumps and those who resigned were tantamount to excommunication. Well, how do you tell Learningpdf them I told them to give 300-101 Dumps Exam me a few minutes to let me see if you got dressed first, and then they 200-125 Exam Dumps could come up. You did not ask me Self-assertion. Thank you very much. Thomas back to take a few steps toward the small stairs downstairs shouted Come on, gentlemen. 200-125 Exam Dumps What did they say to you, is not it 200-125 Exam Dumps Said, Learningpdf You have something to hide from me. Thomas did not answer. Raim looked at the two men up the stairs. When they first entered the room Lyme first spoke. He said to Thomas Putting on the curtains, you Prepexamwell have already disturbed the two birds too much. The actual meaning of this sentence was that he had enjoyed the bright morning sunshine. Can not speak. Sticking to the mouth of the tape stinky and sticky, so that she can 101 test not pronounce a word. She felt despair more helplessly than the cold, handcuffed 101 test 101 test metal on her wrist, 101 test compared to the short, stout fingers on her shoulders. The Prepexamwell taxi 300-101 Dumps Exam driver, Learningpdf still wearing a ski boot, led her to a dark, damp corridor that ran through 300-101 Dumps Exam the rows of pipes and plumbing to the basement of an office building. 101 test Learningpdf But she does not know Learningpdf where the exact location is. If I can speak to 101 test him T. J. Kofax is a fun person. Morgan Stanley third floor of the mother of insects. A negotiator. money Do you want money I give you Learningpdf money, a lot of money, boy. But more than a few. She thought the remarks more than ten times, desperately trying to seize his eyes as if she could deliver the remarks into his head. 101 test Beg for 101 test you, she begged silently. She started thinking of her 401 k Retirement Savings Fund an important U.S. tax deferred savings plan Learningpdf to protect retiree benefits, with about 42 million people participating and a total asset pool of more than 2 trillion. – translator, she can give her all the pensions to him. Oh, beg you Prepexamwell She remembered the scene of the last night The man turned around after watching the fireworks, pulled them off and put handcuffs on them. He put them close to the trunk, and then re-drive the road.

Selain faktor di atas, masalah teknologi juga mengambil andil yang cukup besar dalam kerusakan mata anak-anak jaman sekarang. Sekarang ini, anak berumur 5 tahun saja sudah sangat lihai bermain dengan komputer sampai berjam-jam, atau menonton TV berjam-jam. Mata yang dipakai bekerja terus menerus seperti itu apalag pada anak kecil dimana sedang dalam proses penyempurnaan perkembangan mata, tentunya akan dapat menjadi sangat tergangu sehingga pada akhirnya terjadi kerusakan mata dan dapat menuju ke arah pemakaian kacamata pada si anak.
Pada saat mata si kecil mulai rusak atau terganggu biasanya dia tidak akan mengatakan pada orang tua karea dia sendiri tidak menyadari bahwa matanya mengalami gangguan. Sebagai orang tua, tentu kita yang harus menjadi lebih peka dengan keadaan anak. Berikut adalah ciri-ciri anak yang matanya sudah mulai terganggu dan membutuhkan kacamata sebagai alat bantu, yaitu :

  1. Sering berkedip-kedip dan mengucek-ngucek mata
  2. Tidak bisa lama untuk berkonsentrasi di sekolah
  3. Sering mengantuk
  4. Menyipitkan mata
  5. Mengernyitkan dahi dan dagu diarahkan ke atas atau ditekan ke leher (chin depression)
  6. Sering bintilan pada kelopak mata yang menandakan kelelahan mata. Biasanya mata memiliki silinder
  7. Guliran kepala (Head position) memberi dampak yang sangat negative pada perkembangan anak berikutnya yaitu: gangguan pertumbuhan tulang pipi, kekakuan pada tulang leher dan kemiringan tulang belikat

Tentunya bila telah menemukan keadaan anak seperti di atas, segera diperhatikan dan diperiksakan matanya ke dokter spesialis mata, dan kalaupun akhirnya si kecil dianjurkan untuk memakai kacamata, kita sebagai orang tua juga harus memperhatikan pemilihan kacamata yang cocok pada si kecil. Berikut beberapa hal yang sebaiknya diperhatikan:

  1. Ukuran kekuatan lensa, ukuran yang tidak sesuai akan menimbulan efek pusing dan tidak nyaman pada anak
  2. Pemasangan lensa pada bingkai penting terutama lensa dengan silinder tinggi > 1 Dioptri
  3. Pemilihan ukuran bingkai (ukuran vertikal) dan lebar kacamata atau bingkai sesuai lebar muka dan jarak kedua mata
  4. Pada anak-anak sampai dengan usia 18 tahun selalu dianjurkan lensa plastik, supaya anak tidak memakai kacamata yang berat, selain itu juga masalah keamanan (pecah) dan tahan lama
  5. Keperluan adanya pemberian lapisan lensa (coating) tertentu misalnya untuk: anti radiasi komputer, UV blocking, tahan gores, anti pantul cahaya terutama mengendarai mobil pada malam hari
  6. Ukuran tinggi vertikal bingkai sebaiknya tidak terlalu besar, berkisar 25-27 mm.
  7. Untuk silinder diatas -1.00 , fitting kacamata harus OK ( tidak terlalu melorot sehingga anak melihat tepat dititik fokus yang telah dianjurkan dan supaya si anak bisa melihat dengan lebih jelas)

Kebanyakan orang tua akan sangat merasa berkeberatan ketika mengetahui kalau si kecil dianjurkan untuk memakai kacamata. Sebenarnya pemakaian kacamata ini tidak perlu ditakuti karena pemakaian kacamata tidak harus seumur hidup, karena dapat diberikan pelaihan-pelatihan pada si kecil untuk mengurangi bertambah parahnya kerusakan matanya. Pelatihan fisik di alam terbuka seperti berenang, olah raga dengan penggunaan bola yang berukuran kecil dan gerakan cepat dengan jarak berganti-ganti seperti tenis meja, latihan lompat tali, latihan keseimbangan sebenarnya dapat membantu untuk melatih mata si kecil.
Selain itu, aktifitas mata si kecil harus selalu disertai dengan istirahat sejenak ± 15 menit, untuk merilekskan otot – otot akomodasi iris dan otot mata, sehingga mencegah kelelahan pada mata, kekakuan otot leher, panas di mata, pusing kepala dan kesemutan (parestesia) di punggung dan lengan atas sampai bawah. Salah satu contoh aktivitas mata yang paling sering menimbulkan keluhan seperti diatas yaitu, komputer, game dan tv (faktor teknologi seperti yang telah disebutkan di atas).
Pemberian gizi anak yang seimbang juga dapat membantu mengurangi kerusakan pada mata si kecil. Pemberian makanan yang mengandung banyak vitamin A (seperti wortel dan tomat), pemberian susu, protein, mineral (terutama dari sayuran dan buah), ekstrak gingseng, ginko biloba juga makanan yang banyak mengandung B kompleks, vitamin D, serta vitamin E akan memberikan efek yang cukup signifikan bahkan memberikan efek menyehatkan pada mata si kecil.
Daftar Pustaka

  • Ilyas, Prof.Dr. Sidarta dan dr. Ramantjandra. 1988. PENYAKIT MATA ringkasan & istilah. PT Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

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